What Causes Kidney Stones? Symptoms and Treatment

While there is no specific medication for kidney stones, there are certain steps you can take to reduce the risk. To begin, drink plenty of fluids to prevent them. Avoid dark sodas and soft drinks and limit salt and protein intake. You can also get medicines to treat the condition and reduce the amount of crystal-forming substances in your urine. If you do have a stone, see your doctor as soon as possible to get the best treatment for your situation.


ER tests are needed to rule out other conditions. Some tests reveal high levels of minerals involved in kidney stones. Taking a CT scan of the kidney is also helpful to detect a stone that has lodged in the ureter. In some cases, passing a stone can be painful. However, pain relievers, narcotics, and anti-inflammatory medications can help alleviate symptoms in the short-term.


Another treatment is a form of surgery called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. During this procedure, shock waves can break up large stones and break them down into smaller pieces. This procedure may be uncomfortable and require light anesthesia. You may experience bruising or bleeding around the kidney afterward. A small cage called an extra corposcope is also used to remove the stones if they have penetrated the urethra and are stuck

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