Gastroenterology is the branch concerned with the human digestive tract. The digestive tract also known as the gastrointestinal tract runs from the mouth to the anus. The gastrointestinal disorders vary from mild to severe depending on the symptoms. For expert diagnosis and treatment, it’s better to consult the best gastro hospital. A gastroenterologist is a specialist in treating digestive disorders.
The gastrointestinal tract handles our digestion. It breaks the complex food substances and absorbs necessary nutrients to keep us healthy. Most gastrointestinal diseases upset the healthy digestion of food. It’s essential to take good care of digestive disorders because it directly relates to your general health.
What are the causes of gastrointestinal disorders?
Some of the common causes of gastrointestinal disorders include,
Low fiber diet
Fiber in food provides a wide range of benefits. It’s easily available in grains, fruits, legumes, vegetables, etc.
Alternatively, a low-fiber diet reduces bloating and increases digestive problems. This leads to abdominal pain, constipation, and even colon cancer.
Stress and anxiety
Stress affects your mental health as well as the digestive tract. Being stressed results in a wide range of gastrointestinal problems like cramping, appetite loss, inflammation, and bloating.
Drinking less water
Water is important for your digestive system. Water assists the GI tract in absorbing nutrients and making it more effective. If you don’t drink enough water, you welcome all sorts of gastrointestinal diseases.
An inactive lifestyle is not good for a healthy digestive system. Doctors recommend a healthy lifestyle with exercise and diet changes. You should avoid foods that cause inflammation and increase foods that fight inflammation.
How to classify gastrointestinal diseases?
Gastrointestinal diseases are classified into functional and structural diseases.
In Functional diseases, the GI tract looks normal but doesn’t move properly. Some examples are IBS, nausea, constipation, gas, bloating, GERD, food poisoning, and diarrhea.
In structural diseases, the bowel looks abnormal and disrupts its functioning. Some examples are colon polyps, stenosis, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disorder, and hemorrhoids.
Briefing the list of gastrointestinal diseases
Cancer that develops along the GI tract is known as the gastrointestinal cancer. It occurs in the pancreas, stomach, large or small intestine, liver, anus, gall bladder, or any of the related organs. The symptoms are mild or unseen in the initial stage. In the last stages, patients observe cramping in the abdomen, dark stool, frequent diarrhea, difficulty in digestion, and several other symptoms.
Modern lifestyle severely affects our bodies. Whether it’s alcohol, infection, or virus, it damages our liver. Initially, it results in the inflammation of the liver. The inflammation leads to stiffness and causes scary liver shrinkage. It’s also known as liver cirrhosis. It’s essential to diagnose this gastrointestinal disease in the early stage.
Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
IBS is referred to as the nervous stomach or spastic colon. It’s a gastrointestinal disorder that causes constipation, pain, and diarrhea. IBS often occurs due to stomach infections or any changes in the intestinal microbes. IBS gastrointestinal disease usually occurs in children and young people. You should consult the best gastro hospital if you experience unexpected weight loss, change in bowel habits, or persistent stomach pain.
Hemorrhoids or piles are the swollen veins in the lower rectum or anus. It resembles the varicose veins. Internal hemorrhoids occur inside the rectum. External hemorrhoids develop around the anus and under the skin. In case of bleeding during bowel movements, consult a doctor immediately.
Gastrointestinal diseases treatment and procedures
Doctors diagnose the medical history of patients and their symptoms. They suggest a few diagnostic tests to identify digestive diseases. In severe cases, doctors recommend detailed diagnostic evaluation including imaging tests, lab tests, and endoscopic procedures.
Some of the gastrointestinal disorder treatments are,
- ESD is a procedure to remove malignant tumors, premalignant, and benign in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Endoscopic ultrasound is a flexible tube with a light and a camera injected to diagnose diseases related to the GI tract.
- Manometry is used to detect issues with pressure movements.
- ERCP combines both endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose specific issues.
- A colonoscopy helps doctors to examine the large intestine. It also detects abnormalities or changes in the colon or rectum.
Several gastrointestinal disorders affect your digestive tract. Most gastrointestinal diseases are manageable with deliberating symptoms. GI diseases have varying symptoms, so it’s important to ensure proper diagnosis. The treatments also vary, so consult the best gastro hospital. Take steps to manage your GI diseases right now!